Some people who suffer from certain diseases prevent them from having hair transplantation, such as liver disease, heart disease, and blood pressure disease.
These diseases hold a severe risk to the person who’s up to the process of hair transplantation. Here, we pause to think about diabetes. Which many people suffer from, and is one of the most prevalent diseases around the world.
Many people with diabetes suffer from baldness and hair loss for many factors associated with this disease, they dream of having hair transplantation, but they avoid it as a dangerous process for their health, but after many studies and research, done by the most efficient doctors, it has been shown that there are categories of diabetic patients, are not exposed to any risk of diabetes if they want to have hair transplant, according to the rates of diabetes in the blood, people with diabetes, in sync with baldness and hair loss, can restore hair beauty and density without worry, by doing hair transplantation.
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Hair transplantation is a non-surgical procedure, in which the hair follicles are transferred from an area at the back of the head, called the donor area, to the area experiencing hair loss, or baldness, called the receiving space.
Hair transplantation for diabetics
Diabetes is a chronic disease that lasts for a person. It affects one out of six people, is considered as a high concentration of diabetes in the blood, the pancreas can not produce enough insulin to regulate the rate of diabetes in the blood.
Insulin produced by the pancreas is the primary hormone responsible for controlling the rate of diabetes in the blood, transfer it from the blood to another body tissues, diabetes is caused by many causes, including genetic factors, or psychological factors such as anxiety, fear, sadness, hormonal imbalance in the body, or increased growth hormone secretion, Or lack of insulin secretion, leading to having diabetes.
The routine of people with diabetes differs from ordinary people, who take many drugs and treatments, such as insulin, glucose injection, etc., to regulate blood sugar levels, maintain them within the average level, show evident symptoms, Such as frequent urination, extreme thirst, dehydration, blurred vision, and weight loss leading to extreme thinness.
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Types of diabetes
The possibility of hair transplantation for people with diabetes, depending on the type and level of diabetes for each person, it depends primarily on the degree and rate of diabetes in the blood, and divided into three types of diabetes:
- Category 1: The most severe form of diabetes, where the rate of diabetes is higher than 200 mg / dL, this category is called IDDM, an abbreviation of the term Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus, which deals with injections of insulin daily, and the result of genetic factors, or Due to an imbalance in beta cells found in the pancreas, leading to insulin deficiency, and occurs frequently in children. It is difficult for someone in this category to perform surgeries, except in extreme cases, so he can’t perform hair transplantation.
- Category 2: Most people with type 2 diabetes, where the rate of diabetes is less than 200 mg / dL and ranges from 160 to 200 mg, is called NIDDM, an abbreviation for Non-insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus, where there is no need for insulin, depends on the necessary medical drugs only, to maintain the level of diabetes in the blood, a person from this category can perform hair transplantation, under a special care and equipment.
- Category 3: the level of diabetes in this category relatively within the normal range, sometimes diabetes is genetical, in which the patient suffers from since childhood, it does not require insulin, however, it’s essential follow the necessary medical drugs, or follow regular diet or exercise, to organize diabetes rates in the blood range from 100 to 160 mg, and hair transplantation cause no danger to people in this category.
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Hair loss for diabetes patients
Many reasons are leading to hair loss for people with diabetes. Diabetes causes necessary changes affecting the body’s functions such as liver, heart, and kidneys. These changes lead to hair loss, such as;
- The high level of diabetes in the blood; leads to high blood glucose, which reduces the proportion of oxygen in the scalp, leading to the growth reduction of new hair.
- Hormonal changes. Diabetic patients have an imbalance in the secretion of hormones in the body, leading to a loss of balance in the body. The hormonal disorder affects the scalp, causing hair loss.
- The stress associated with diabetes is the primary factor in not growing healthy hair.
- Feeling exhausting: the routine sudden change in someone’s life, according to daily life pressure leads to weakening the follicles and hair loss.
- Circulatory problems, which causes the body not to receive adequate nutrition, vitamins necessary, which affects the weakening of hair follicles, and leads to hair loss.
- Immune system: diabetes affects and weaken the immune system for a diabetic person, in a way he’s exposed to a lot of diseases, which leads to hair loss.
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Hair Transplantation Diabetics
hair transplant process for diabetic people, is the same procedure with its same stages done for regular people, however, the patient must commit to the instructions and guidance before and after the procedure, and the doctor must take into account the standards and precautions necessary during the process, with full care of the patient, to avoid complications might occur during the process.
Pre-procedure patient preparations:
- First, the cosmetic doctor will cooperate with the diabetes specialist doctor, who has been following the diabetic patient since the beginning, to make sure that his patient is qualified to go through the transplantation procedure. The Diabetes doctor will provide all the needed report and examinations to the cosmetic doctor, in which the safety of the patient is secure through and after the surgery, and in case the diabetes specialist did not approve to such operation performed to his patient, then the cosmetic doctor must abstain from doing the transplantation surgery, even if the patient was from the second or the third category of diabetes, where maintaining the patient’s safety is priority.
- At the first patient interview, the cosmetic doctor, the specialist of diabetic cases, and who is also a specialist in operating hair transplantation for diabetics, he examines the patient, where they both discuss the final look after the surgery, and the stages of the procedure, and the preparations required, also the doctor examines the donor area for the patient and determine the percentage of its intensity, and the number of follicles to be extracted.
- Sugar levels should be maintained, within standard rates, for a period of 7 to 10 days, before hair transplantation.
- Do not make any physical effort, at least 24 hours before the operation.
- Abstain from smoking at least 10 days before the surgery, because smoking leads to increased blood sugar levels and reduces the oxygen required for the growth of implanted follicles.
- Stop taking medical drugs that cause blood diluting, such as; prevention, so that bleeding does not occur during surgery.
- Do not drink Alcohol for a week before the operation; Alcohol may increase the complications of diabetes, causing bleeding during surgery as a result.
- Stay away from Arabic coffee, caffeine, and any stimulant that will affect anesthesia, for at least a week before the procedure.
- It is recommended to eat a healthy balanced diet, and drink plenty of water, for a week before the operation, to be a full meal, before the surgery in a few hours, to avoid complications during the process.
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Hair transplant stages for diabetics
- The medical center performs the necessary tests and examination for the patient, blood tests, as the most important, of which is to determine the rates of diabetes in the blood and to ensure that the patient is suitable for hair transplantation.
- Take the necessary dose of Insulin immediately before the operation, to reduce the rate of sugar, to reach the standard rate during the surgery.
- Depending on the duration of the procedure, the doctor may suggest different methods for managing the sugar level in the blood. There are cases where a diabetes specialist doctor from the same medical center is required to follow up with the sugar rates during the hair transplant process after cooperating and agreeing on the necessary procedures with the doctor. Who is following the patient’s medical care from the start?
- The assistant staff prepares the tools needed for the diabetic, which may be required during the process, such as; medical drugs for the patient’s condition, glucose solution, and insulin injections, to provide the patient with, during the hair transplant process, if sugar levels are low or any complications occur.
- The hair of the patient is completely shaved, then the scalp is sterilized, and the donor area is planned, in which the follicles will be picked out.
- The patient is then anesthetized locally.
- The doctor extracts the follicles out of the donor area, using an accurate device called Micro Motor.
- The doctor will measure the level of diabetes in the blood, at regular intervals and periodically, during the operation, to follow up with the sugar rates in the blood, to avoid any complications.
- The follicles then, are given to the assistant staff to examine and classify them, and put them in the Hypothemasol fluid, to extend the life cycle of the extracted follicles outside the body for as long as possible, then the channels are opened in the recipient area, in a high accuracy, along with determining the suitable directions and corners, so the hair will grow naturally after the surgery, then the doctor implant the harvested follicles in the recipient area, using FUE method.
In the case of DHI, the doctor, using a pen-shaped device called the CHOI Implanter, opens the channels and stabilizes the extracted follicles in the same direction and angle of the original hair.
The process of hair transplant for people with diabetes, a period ranging from six to eight hours. There are instructions needed to be followed after the procedure, which is dictated by the doctor to the patient, including:
- Avoid washing hair for the first 48 hours after the process.
- Abstain from touching the implanted area, unless through washing.
- Avoid etching, so the implanted follicles remain safe.
- Ensure that blood glucose levels are monitored continuously.
- Protect the embedded area from intense sunlight, for three days.
- Stay away from exercising any tiring exercise, or exhausting activities, which can lead to diabetes abnormalities in the blood, for two months after the procedure.
- Keep abstaining from smoking, for two weeks minimum.
- Refraining from walking long distances, for a week minimum.
- Make sure to have healthy and balanced food.
Hair Transplantation disadvantages for Diabetics
The diabetic patient is exposed to some simple obstacles, when having a hair transplant, where the patient has a relatively extended recovery period, usually up to 25 days, so that the patient can recover completely, such as;
- The possibility of severe bleeding, during the operation, as the blood density of the person with diabetes is tiny, which causes bleeding.
Wound inflammation, due to non-clotting of the blood at an average speed, allowing time to form some bacteria around the wound causing inflammation.
- A bacterial infection, due to the weak immune system of the person with diabetes, however, the necessary antibiotics, prescribed by the doctor, must be taken.
- Sugar rates disorders, deficiency or increase, depending on the patient’s condition.
- Feeling much pain in the implanted areas, for three days after the surgery, which can be eliminated by having the painkillers described by the doctor.
- Bruising occurs in areas where hair has been implanted and can be disposed of with the necessary anti-bruising drugs.
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Hair Transplantation cost for people with diabetes.
Although the hair transplantation of people with diabetes requires high efficiency and skill by the treating physician, but it cost the same cost of hair transplant for ordinary people, which depends on several factors, such as; the number of grafts extracted, and the size of the recipient area, according to the degree and style of hair loss, in addition to the technology used, which play the critical role in the cost difference, usually, the cost of the hair transplant process is between 1500 to 2500 USD.
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